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Ad’ihan (nation)

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United Islands of Ad’ihan
Îles-Unis d'Ad’ihan
http://www.nationstates.net/images/flags/uploads/adihan.jpg
National flag of Ad’ihan
Motto: Peace, justice, freedom
Region The Heartland
Capital Ad’ihan City
Largest city Modna Nord
Official Languages English, French[1]
Government Semi-presidential republic
 • President Josh Randall (GA
 • Prime Minister Alex Canning (GA)
Independence
 • Establishment of protectorate 1 October 2144 
 • Self-governance accorded 18 October 2144 
 • Independence of protectorate 7 May 2147 
 • Grand Island joins new republic in union 9 May 2147 
 • Barrier Island joins union to form United Islands 13 May 2147 
Population 19,300,000
Currency Ad’ihani Tazo (ATAZ; sign: Tz)
Timezone PAX-0200
 • Summer (DST)Not observed
Internet TLD .ad
Calling code +082
[1] Ad’ihani Creole is granted equal status to English and French in the country, but is not recognised as an official language.
NS Sunset XML

The United Islands of Ad’ihan (in French: Îles-Unies d'Ad’ihan) is an island nation located in the northwest district of The Heartland region south of the main continent of Caritas. It is made up of two islands, Grand and Barrier, each of which, along with the City of Ad’ihan, make up the three regions of Ad’ihan depicted in its flag.


History

Early history (Discovery–2144)

The Outer Islands of Liverpool England were first discovered in 1967, although the first recorded settlement was only founded in the late 2080s. Liverpool England maintained a presence on the islands beginning in the early 2120s, and by 2140 the islands had become an outer territory of the country.

A democratic revolt in 2144 by the Parti populaire ad’ihanais against the territorial minority government of the National Centrist Board resulted in the Federal Parliament hearing a bill to resolve the crisis, and it was suggested that a separate protectorate be formed. A referendum was held amongst residents of the city of Ad’ihan, and passed with 71% of voters agreeing to a new protectorate, which was to come into effect 1 October 2144, originally to be governed directly from CCL with a view to later self-governance.

Early protectorate years (2144–2146)

After fresh fighting broke out on 15 October, the Federal Government announced that it would let the protectorate become a fully self-governing nation, and this took effect three days later. The protectorate was given the same name as the city it was an enclave of, Ad’ihan. The official name of the Protectorate was the International Protectorate of Ad’ihan. The fact that the international airport on Île Grande (Grand Island) was also called Ad’ihan International allowed the new protectorate to effectively claim it as its national airport. No considerations were made at the time as to the potential confusion of using the same name as the city. To make things worse, it was decided that the capital city of the protectorate would also be named Ad’ihan.

As a self-governing protectorate of Liverpool England, Ad’ihan had no control over its defence and foreign affairs issues. Its de jure head of state (the Chief of State), therefore, was the head of state of Liverpool England, a role normally occupied by the head of government in Liverpool England. The Chief of State would appoint a Governor of the International Protectorate to act as de facto head of state of Ad’ihan who would effectively act as a chief diplomatic officer handling Ad’ihan's foreign affairs.

The head of government of Ad’ihan during the protectorate years, also known as the Chief Minister of the International Protectorate, had the power to appoint a Cabinet and call elections, but little else, as foreign affairs was handled by the Governor. Only one person ever served as Chief Minister before Ad’ihan gained independence — Alex Canning.

2147 Grand Island troubles

In early 2147, fighting on Île Grande led to suggestions that the protectorate might absorb the whole island and become fully independent in a bid to stem the violence. The International Protectorate was then abruptly put under a Federal Emergency (that is, direct rule from CCL) for almost four months.

Direct rule was lifted on 20 April, returning power to the Ad’ihan government. Less than a week later, Grand Island — of which the International Protectorate was an enclave — and Barrier Island, as the territory of the Outer Islands, were subject to a similar declaration in anticipation of widespread violence following a vote of no-confidence in the Outer Islands Governor Peter Olivier by the territorial assembly.

Independence

Within a fortnight of the second declaration, Chief of State Patrick Danahue announced that the Federal Parliament had granted Ad’ihan sovereignty, and it would be up to the territorial assembly, the Ad’ihan Senate, to decide whether or not to accept it. The Senate passed a motion of no-confidence in the Governor and de facto head-of-state, Cmdr Simon Collins, who subsequently resigned from his position after declaring Chief Minister Alex Canning the first Prime Minister of the Republic of Ad’ihan.

Republic of Ad’ihan

The announcement by Danahue on 7 May also granted Grand Island and Barrier Island the opportunity of sovereignty. While the two respective governments mulled over the possibility, Canning, now the leader of a small republic inside Grand Island, offered the Grand Island Independence Front (the faction that caused most of the pro-independence violence) entry into the Ad’ihan Senate to take the four seats vacated by the federal observers.

The GIIF, by now the de facto government of the rest of Grand Island, accepted the offer and the whole of Grand Island became part of the Republic, now the Union Republic of Ad’ihan. At the same time, Canning encouraged Barrier Island's leaders to join Ad’ihan, although they indicated they preferred to stay a part of Liverpool England.

United Islands of Ad’ihan

On 13 May, the government of Barrier Island declared the island would secede from Liverpool England to join the Union Republic of Ad’ihan. An emergency session of the Senate unanimously passed a constitutional amendment, which allowed Barrier Island to join the republic. The country's prefix was changed from the Union Republic to the United Islands, the significance being that both islands, once again, were united under one banner.

The three separate regions — the City of Ad’ihan (the original republic), Grand Island (minus Ad’ihan City), and Barrier Island — all retain a degree of autonomy over their areas, although the central government in the City of Ad’ihan still wields the most power.

Government

Ad’ihan has not held a general election since independence, and therefore currently still has a 62-member Senate, representing only the former City of Ad’ihan region in a parliamentary democracy. Five months after independence, the first elections for president were held, making Ad’ihan a semi-presidential republic. The post of president was originally designed to be a ceremonial role, with the post passing between citizens from each of the three regions every two years, which would mean Ad’ihan would have remained a parliamentary republic. However, shortly after, it was announced that the president would have the power of veto over constitutional amendments, which made the role more politically important.

However, the executive power lies mostly within the Cabinet, which is led by Prime Minister Alex Canning. There are 19 members in the Cabinet from 13 branches of Cabinet. Each branch of Cabinet is led by either a senatorial secretary (an elected Senator who retains his or her seat in the Senate) or a minister of state, who is normally not an elected official and instead is appointed to the position by the Prime Minister. The only Cabinet office without representation by a senatorial secretary is the Dept. of Finance and the Treasury, which is represented in the Cabinet by two Ministers of State. However, all members of the Cabinet, whether elected or appointed, are answerable to Parliament.

Current Cabinet of Ad’ihan

Department Position Minister
Prime Minister's Office Prime Minister Alex Canning
Deputy Prime Minister Phillipe Dubois
Interior Affairs (DIA) Senatorial Secretary for Interior Affairs Sen. David Caine
Information and Media Affairs (DIMA) Senatorial Secretary for Information and the Media
Food Safety, Health and Agriculture (DFSHA) Senatorial Secretary for Health Sen. Francis Sevillon
Minister of State for Food Safety and Agriculture Jane Graham-Smith
Foreign Affairs (DFA) Senatorial Secretary for Foreign Affairs Sen. Thomas Desaiye
Education, Schools and Community Affairs (DESCA) Senatorial Secretary for Education, Schools and the Community Sen. Marie Poivre
Environment (DE) Senatorial Secretary for the Environment Sen. Julia Owens
Legal Affairs and Justice (DLAJ) Senatorial Secretary for Justice Sen. Michael Borders
Minister of State for Legal Affairs Dr. Tomasz Kaczinski
Trade, Finance and the Treasury (DTFT) Minister of State for Trade and Finance Andrew Adams
Minister of State of the Treasury Javier Fuego
National Security and Defence (DNSD) Senatorial Secretary for National Security and Defence Sen. Anthony Edwards (Rt. Gen.)
Regional Authority (DRA) Minister of State for Regions James J. Stewart
Senatorial Secretary for the City of Ad’ihan Sen. Alfred Webster
Senatorial Secretary for Grand Island Sen. Adrienne Scierie
Senatorial Secretary for Barrier Island Sen. Humphrey Coombs
Culture, Sport and the Arts (DCSA) Senatorial Secretary for Culture, Sport and the Arts Sen. Mitch Holmes
Transport (DOT) Senatorial Secretary for Transport Sen. Laura Dennis

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This page was last modified on 27 July 2008, at 06:36.
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