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Cygwin Tips

CygWin is...

...a Unix shell and tools for Windows XP (or Win2k, Win98, WinME etc.)

FAQ: How do I just get everything?

Don't want everything

To Look-up the package for a missing file you would like to install

Where is apt-get for cygwin

Known Issues

Lose the DOS-BOX...


  • (I have started using PuTTYcyg more than rxvt)
  • PuTTYCyg - Another XTerm workalike. This is a version of Putty capable of running Cygwin bash without sshd OR an X-Server
    • puttycyg - http://gecko.gc.maricopa.edu/%7Emedgar/puttycyg/
      • Download putty first. Then download and unpack PuTTYCyg into the same folder as your PuTTY executables to get it to work
      • Example: Create saved session "PuttyCygwin" with Connection Type of Cygwin and a Short Cut to:
 "C:\Program Files\PuTTY\putty.exe" -load PuttyCygwin 


  • http://www.khngai.com/emacs/bash.php
    • It Suggests : D:\Programs\Cygwin\bin\rxvt.exe -sl 500 -fn courier -bg wheat -sr -title "Bash Sailor" -e bash --rcfile C:\documents\config\.bashrc
    • I Use : C:\cygwin\bin\rxvt.exe -g 124x48 -e /bin/bash
    • 20000 Lines of Scroll Back : C:\cygwin\bin\rxvt.exe -sl 20000 -g 124x45 -e /bin/bash
    • More Options http://linux.die.net/man/1/rxvt
  • No X-Server Required, the cygwin rxvt will use MS Windows to fake it if you don't have an X-Server
    • Left-Drag will Mark and Copy
    • Shift-Insert or Shift-Leftclick or Middleclick (for three button mouse) will Paste (Shift-Insert is old-stile MS Windows key for paste - copying, cutting and pasting text - Ctrl+Insert, Shift+Delete and Shift+Insert)
      • If you want Rightclick to also Paste with your two-button mouse (like putty): Download a Windows Mouse Driver that allows Per-Application event-mapping (i.e. mouse-click mapping) and map Rightclick to Shift-Insert for application rxvt.exe. I downloaded the driver for my microsoft wheel mouse from microsoft.com and use the control panel to configure it... it worked great. - http://www.microsoft.com/hardware/mouse/download.asp

MinTTY - Built into Cygwin

Cygwin X Window Server

Where can I find lsof for Windows / Win32?

Combine these . . .

Where is mail or mailx ?

sshd - The Secure SHell Deamon

  • The CYGWIN environment variable (set it to "binmode ntsec tty")
  • http://www.google.com/search?query
  • Old versions of cygwin needed you to create an entry for root in the /etc/passwd
  • sshd (server side) config files - /etc/hosts.allow /etc/hosts.deny /etc/hosts.equiv /etc/moduli /etc/motd /etc/nologin /etc/primes /etc/shosts.equiv /etc/ssh_host_dsa_key /etc/ssh_host_key /etc/ssh_host_rsa_key /etc/ssh_known_hosts /etc/ssh_known_hosts2 /etc/sshd_config /etc/sshrc
  • ssh (client side) debugging - ssh -v -v -v -v -l username hostname

Cygwin Built-ins...

...make your bash shell a happy place

Windows NT and XP...

...have many handy utilities that can be used through the command line

Cygwin Rosetta Stone

Cygwin Rosetta Stone

Other Handy Cygwin Ports

Not Cygwin

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This page was last modified on 27 June 2013, at 17:38.
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