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Following the 2009 swine flu outbreak, governments around the world have responded with sometimes extreme reactions against pigs, which has included the official extermination of all domestic pigs in Egypt and the euthanasia of three wild boars at the Baghdad Zoo in Iraq.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has stated that there is no reason to believe that pigs are transmitting the flu onto humans, but the name change was likely due to the pork industry. <ref name="Iraq culls three wild pigs at Baghdad zoo"/>

Egypt

On 29 April 2009, the Egyptian Government announced the decision to slaughter all pigs in the country, despite a lack of evidence that the pigs had (or were even suspected of contracting) the virus,<ref></ref> and the lack of cases of swine flu reported in the country.<ref name=BBC_Egypt></ref> This decision has reportedly raised tension since pig owners are mostly in the Coptic Christian minority in the predominantly Islamic nation. Egyptian human rights lawyer Nadia Tawfiq claimed that the pig extermination was a form of attack on Christians.<ref name=Compass_Direct_News></ref> Josep Domènech, the chief veterinary officer at the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) called the decision "a real mistake", saying that FAO had been trying to reach Egyptian officials but there has been no response.<ref name=Reuters_Egypt></ref>

Egypt commenced the slaughter on 2 May 2009.<ref name="Iraq culls three wild pigs at Baghdad zoo"/> On the next day in Cairo, an estimated 300 Coptic Christian residents of the Manshiyat Nasr district set up blockades on the street in attempt to keep government officers from confiscating their pigs,<ref name=Compass_Direct_News/> which led to clashes with the police.<ref name=BBC_Egypt/> Al-Ahram, a widely circulated Egyptian newspaper, reported that owners of destroyed pigs will receive 100 Egyptian pounds (approximately US$17.7) per animal in compensation<ref name=Reuters_Egypt/><ref>http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ahram.org.eg%2FIndex.asp%3FCurFN%3Dfron11.htm%26DID%3D9939&sl=ar&tl=en&hl=en&ie=UTF-8</ref>, but Reuters reported that the issue was still "under discussion", citing an Egyptian cabinet spokesman.<ref name=Reuters_Egypt/>

According to several membersTemplate:Who of the Egyptian Ministry of Health (MOH), the pig extermination is based on the fear of the ability of the Bird Flu to mutate in the pig herds, since the areas that are used by pig growers are specifically trash dumps and do not follow any veterinary supervision, unlike most other countries that raise pigs in a tested and controlled environment. The extermination (according to the MOH) is not based on either the Swine Flu outbreak, nor it is against a specific group of citizens, since the plan to deal with the pigs grown in the trash dumps has been there for several years, and was only given extra attention and urgence by the emergence of the Bird Flu, then the Swine Flu.

Iraq

Adel Salman Musa, the director of the Baghdad Zoo claims to have "received an order issued by the multi-ministry committee aimed at preventing swine flu" to kill Baghdad's supply of three wild boars.<ref name="Iraq culls three wild pigs at Baghdad zoo"/> He said the cull was initiated "to break a barrier of fear" which had been developed amongst zoo visitors.<ref name="Wild boars killed in Iraq over swine flu fears">Template:Cite web</ref> There had been a decline in the number of visitors in the days prior to the euthanasia.<ref name="Iraqi zoo kills boars amid fear of A/H1N1 flu"/>

The health ministry said that killing the pigs would serve no purpose in preventing an outbreak in the country that has no reported cases of swine flu.<ref name="Iraq culls three wild pigs at Baghdad zoo"/> Ehassan Jafar, a spokesperson for the country's health ministry, said that "it does not matter" since the virus is able to transmit itself between humans now.<ref name="Iraq culls three wild pigs at Baghdad zoo"/> In its dispute with the agriculture ministry, the departmentTemplate:Clarify me said "if you really want to kill them then just kill them".<ref name="Iraq culls three wild pigs at Baghdad zoo">Template:Cite web</ref>

The boars were tested prior to their euthanasia, and results proved negative.<ref name="Wild boars killed in Iraq over swine flu fears"/> The zoo's director said they were killed humanely.<ref name="Wild boars killed in Iraq over swine flu fears"/> This involved the use of an anesthetic.<ref name="Iraqi zoo kills boars amid fear of A/H1N1 flu"/> The three carcases were later buried.<ref name="Iraqi zoo kills boars amid fear of A/H1N1 flu">Template:Cite web</ref>

The deaths were relayed around the world via Agence France-Presse, CNN, Israel's Ynetnews and China's Xinhua News Agency.<ref name="Iraq culls three wild pigs at Baghdad zoo"/><ref name="Wild boars killed in Iraq over swine flu fears"/><ref name="Iraqi zoo kills boars amid fear of A/H1N1 flu"/><ref name="Baghdad zoo kills boars on swine flu worries">Template:Cite web</ref>

Iraqi Kurdistan

Kurdistan's Regional Government has outlawed boar hunting.<ref name="Wild boars killed in Iraq over swine flu fears"/> The area has a large population of wild boars.<ref name="Wild boars killed in Iraq over swine flu fears"/>

Inhabitants are told to avoid the consumption of pork.<ref name="Wild boars killed in Iraq over swine flu fears"/> Travelers are being monitored for their activity in relation to this.<ref name="Wild boars killed in Iraq over swine flu fears"/>

References

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Template:2009 swine flu

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